Emission test: A tale of struggle to improve Jakarta’s air

At around 07:20 WIB (Western Indonesian Standard Time), Wiwit Handoko arrived at a vehicle repair workshop located at the Jakarta Environment Office in Cililitan, East Jakarta.

He went all the way from the comfort of his home in the Cibubur area, East Jakarta, fighting the infamous, unforgiving density of the capital city’s traffic, to check the ‘well-being’ of his motorbike.

Although the Jakarta Administration-owned workshop opened at 8 a.m. local time, he was already queuing with dozens of other bikers to get a free service for motor vehicle emission tests.

At that time, there were already around 50 people queuing for the service offered by the shop that is open every Tuesday and Thursday.

“I just follow the rules so I won’t get a ticket later. We will feel relieved if the emission vehicle remains (at) safe (level),” Handoko said.

For the test vehicle emissions, people only need to show their Vehicle Registration Certificates (STNK) to the workshop.

The service is not limited to vehicles with Jakarta registration mark, but also vehicles from cities outside Jakarta.

In the workshop of the Jakarta Environment Office, there are three emission testing areas, namely two tools for testing the emissions of two-wheeled vehicles and one each for testing the emissions of gasoline and diesel cars.

For testing motorcycles, some six motorcycles are tested during each interval. As for four-wheeled vehicles, they can test two to three cars at once. Each emission check takes up about five minutes for one vehicle.

After the test is completed, the driver will get an emission test card which contains data on motorized vehicles to information on emission test results and thresholds.

The carbon monoxide (CO) threshold for motorized vehicles is 5.5 percent and for hydrocarbons (HC) 2,400 parts per million (ppm).

If the vehicle does not pass the emission test, the staff will direct the driver to do vehicle maintenance and oil change.

Handoko is grateful that his motorbike is still in top condition, thereby passing the emission test.

Source of pollution

The ever growing number of motorized vehicles in Jakarta is one of the causes that contributes to traffic jams and air pollution in the capital city.

The Jakarta Central Bureau of Statistics recorded that the number of motorized vehicles in the capital city continues to increase every year.

The agency said that until 2020, the number of motorized vehicles reached 20.2 million units. Motorcycles make up almost 80 percent of the total number, or 16.1 million units.

The rest are passenger cars, amounting 3.36 million units and trucks 680 thousand units.

One can only imagine the impact of human activities on air quality if these vehicles have not undergone the emission test or do not pass the emission tests.

The increase in the number and types of motorized vehicles causes an increase in the number of emissions released in the form of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), nitric gas (NO) and dust.

According to the calculation of air pollution emissions conducted by the Jakarta Environment Office, in collaboration with Vital Strategies, the largest source of pollution in the capital city is motor vehicles with pollutants in the form of particulate matter (PM) 2.5, nitrogen oxides (NOx) and CO .

The study conducted in 2020 aimed to measure the largest emission contributors in Jakarta as a basis for policy-making in relation to air pollution in the capital city.

It was found that the transportation means are the main source of air pollution, particularly for producing pollutants such as NOx, pegged at 72.40 percent, CO (96.36 percent), PM10 (57.99 percent) and PM2.5 (67.03 percent).

Meanwhile, the industry sector is the largest source of pollution for emitting sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollutants, which contributed about 61.96 percent, and is the second largest emitter of NOx (11.49 percent), PM10 (33.9 percent), and PM2.5 (26. 8 percent).

The Jakarta Environment Office also noted that the findings were consistent with several studies in 2019 conducted by Prof. Dr Puji Lestari from the Bandung Institute of Technology.

At that time, it was revealed that the transportation sector was the largest contributor to CO pollutants by 93 percent, NOx (57 percent) and PM2.5 (46 percent).

At that time, it was revealed that the transportation sector was the largest contributor to CO pollutants by 93 percent, NOx (57 percent) and PM2.5 (46 percent).

Postponed sanction

Regulations concerning exhaust emissions are stipulated among other things in Article 48 of Law Number 22 of 2009 on Road Traffic and Transportation.

Motor vehicle exhaust emissions are one of the indicators for measuring the technical requirements, and to determine whether a vehicle is worthy of being on the road.

In regional level, the regulation is stipulated in governor’s regulations.

Jakarta Governor Anies Baswedan issued Governor Regulation No. 66 of 2020 which requires motorized vehicles over three years old to undergo exhaust emission tests.

The governor’s regulation was enacted on July 22, 2020 and will take effect or enforced for six months later or in early 2021.

The Jakarta Provincial Government would sanction drivers who violate the test on November 13, 2021, either by not partaking it or not passing it, by issuing tickets.

The Head of Jakarta Transportation Office, Syafrin Liputo, pointed out that the issuance of ticketing sanction refers to Law No. 22 of 2009 regarding Road Traffic and Transportation.

Based on the provisions of Article 285 and Article 286 of the law, the maximum fine for motorbikes is Rp. 250,000 (around USD 17.5), while the maximum fine for cars is Rp. 500,000 (almost USD 35).

This ticketing policy is also in line with the decision of the Central Jakarta District Court, which heard the voices and demands of residents who are members of the Capital Coalition regarding Jakarta’s air pollution.

The Jakarta Provincial Government decided to impose sanctions on moving sources, those being motorized vehicles that pollute the air or do not pass the emission test.

However, the implementation of the fine would be enforced gradually, by observing the rate or percentage of motorized vehicles that have been checked for its well-being to the number of emission test workshops in Jakarta.

Initially, the fine would be applied starting November 13, 2021. However, the sanction has been postponed because motor vehicles in Jakarta that have been tested for emissions are still relatively low.

Deputy Governor of Jakarta Ahmad Riza Patria highlighted that until November 6, 2021, the number of motorized vehicles in the city that have been tested for emissions was only 10 to 15 percent.

Following that, the Jakarta Regional Police has postponed the fines for vehicles that do not pass the emission test in Jakarta, starting November 13, 2021.

According to the Head of the Sub-Directorate of Law Enforcement at the Traffic Directorate of Jakarta Regional Police, Adjunct Senior Commissioner Argo Wiyono, they could not immediately impose fines because the number of vehicles that had passed the emission test was very small.

They could only enact the sanctions if there are at least 50 percent of the vehicles that have been tested for emissions.

Thus,a public awareness campaign of emission testing is crucial, before the regulation on the fines is implemented.

Plus the motorized vehicles in Jakarta are way too many, and the number of emission test workshops in the capital city is to few in comparison to them. Many more emission test workshops are needed in the capital city.

Baswedan regulated that vehicle emission tests are conducted at emission test workshops, emission test kiosks and emission test service vehicles, in line with the the Government Regulation no. 66 of 2020.

Head of the Jakarta Environment Office Asep Kuswanto said that the administration has worked with several workshop associations and brand holder agents (APM) in providing emission test sites.

To date, there are 250 four-wheel vehicle emission test providers and 15 two-wheel vehicle emission test providers in Jakarta.

The public can download the e-emission test application to find out the location of the emission test workshop for four-wheeled vehicles or cars.

Through the application, workshops that wish to register as a motor vehicle emission test location can also be carried out.

On the other hand, the location of the motorcycle/two-wheeled emission test can be updated via social media @dinaslhdki.

So far, only government offices offer the free motor vehicle emission test service. One of which is the Jakarta Environment Office workshop.

Private workshops charge around Rp150 thousand (around USD 10.5) for cars and Rp. 50 thousand (around USD 3.5 ) for motorbikes. The test result is valid for one year.

It is expected that the imposition of this emission test policy would encourage drivers of vehicles operating in Jakarta to meet the standard threshold for exhaust gas emission quality.

As a result, exhaust gas output is expected to help improve air quality in the capital city.

Apart from improving Jakarta’s air, hopefully it will also affect the health of the residents of the capital city for the better.

Source: Antara News

Govt preparing policy to prevent year-end COVID surge

The Indonesian government is reviewing several policy suggestions to anticipate a spike in COVID-19 cases during the year-end or Christmas and New Year holidays, Minister of Communications and Informatics Johnny G. Plate has said.

Several regulations that will be issued by the government ahead of the Christmas and New Year holidays are intended to protect people from a third COVID-19 wave, he added in a statement released on Saturday.

“The COVID-19 pandemic has not completely ended yet. The government is currently reviewing various policy suggestions to face Christmas and the 2022 New Year,” he said.

Plate emphasized that, in principle, policies are being made to protect the public from the threat of a third wave. It is feared that the year-end holidays will increase people’s mobility and thereby, raise the risk of coronavirus transmission, he explained.

“For that reason, several scenarios have been prepared by the government,” he added.

The minister said that the COVID-19 Task Force has asked all tourism sites to continue to limit their operations. In fact, tourism sites are being asked to form health protocol task forces to ensure public protection, he informed.

“As for other policies, they are still under review with the relevant ministries and institutions,” he affirmed.

Minister Plate also said that the government has continued to advocate tightening and monitoring of the health protocols, especially in churches during Christmas celebrations. The use of the PeduliLindungi application will be maximized in public places for monitoring and tracing efforts, he added.

“The government continues to encourage the Indonesian people to continue to comply with the health protocols so that the decrease in COVID-19 cases in Indonesia can be maintained,” he said.

Meanwhile, chairman of the Indonesian Epidemiologist Association, Dr. Hariadi Wibisono, said that there has been an upward trend in COVID-19 cases in the past few days. There has been an increase from 600 positive cases to 800 cases, he noted.

The increase has occurred even before the year-end holidays, he pointed out. For that reason, he emphasized that strict rules that limit people’s mobility are necessary to prevent a third wave of COVID-19 in the country.

Source: Antara News

Indonesia adds 444 confirmed COVID-19 cases on Sunday

Indonesia added 444 confirmed COVID-19 cases on Sunday, with Jakarta recording the highest number of cases at 117, according to data from the COVID-19 Handling Task Force.

As per the data, West Java recorded the second highest number of positive cases at 99, followed by Central Java (37 cases), East Java (32 cases), and Yogyakarta (25 cases).

With the addition of 444 cases, the total positive COVID-19 cases in Indonesia reached 4,248,165.

The task force also recorded a rise in the COVID-19 mortality rate on Thursday, with the number of deaths nationwide rising by 11, bringing the total tally to 143,545.

However, the task force stated that the number of active cases in the country continued to fall. The total number of active cases across the nation declined by 154 to reach 10,825, it said.

The task force also said the number of recoveries continued to increase, with 587 people making a full recovery, bringing the total number of recoveroes to 4,093,795.

Provinces that reported the highest number of recoveries were Jakarta (112), West Java (107), North Sulawesi (67), East Java (41) and Yogyakarta (33).

Meanwhile, 219,957 specimens were examined at laboratories, with 4,498 people suspected of contracting COVID-19, the task force said. The positivity rate of daily specimens stood at 0.31 percent, it added.

Source: Antara News

Social Affairs Minister hands over aid to Gresik flood victims

Social Affairs Minister Tri Rismaharini handed over assistance including tents, foods and personal equipment to flood victims in Cermen village in East Java’s Gresik District on Sunday.

.The residents of Cermen village evacuated to higher ground after Lamong River overflowed its bank on Friday (Nov 5).

Some of the evacuees are being sheltered at Darul Ulum Islamic elementary school, Babus Salam Mosque and Cermen Village Head’s Office.

The minister said the Social Affairs Ministry will coordinate with the Gresik District Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) to set up tents and provide folding beds for the flood evacuees.

“I help alleviate (the burden of flood victims) in accordance with my main task and function. So we will provide tents to them,” she said.

Besides visiting flood victims, the minister also observed a public kitchen at Gluranploso village, Benjeng sub-district, Gresik which provides meals to at ;least 1 thousand evacuees.

Heavy rains caused Lamong River to overflow its bank on Friday (Nov 5), submerging dozens of villages in Gresik district.

According to the BPBD, the flood inundated more than 600 houses in the sub-districts of Benjeng, Balongpanggang, Kedamean,and Cerme

Source: Antara News

Riau Islands records zero fresh COVID-19 case: Task Force

The Riau Islands COVID-19 Task Force recorded no fresh COVID-19 case in the province, thus the total active cases remained at 24 people, according to

Head of the Riau Islands COVID-19 Task Force Lamidi.

The active cases comprised nine in Batam, seven people in Tanjungpinang, three people in Bintan and Karimun respectively, and two in Anambas District.

“Lingga and Natuna have zero active cases,” he said here recently.

The province’s total number of COVID-19 cases had reached 53,859 so far. Of the total, 25,917 cases had been recorded in Batam, 10,227 in Tanjungpinang, 5,582 in Bintan, 5,484 in Karimun, 1,844 in Anambas, 2,310 in Lingga, and 2,495 in Natuna.

The total number of patients who had recovered from COVID-19 in Riau Islands, had reached 52,079 people, comprising 25,068 people in Batam, 9,818 inTanjungpinang, 5,399 in Bintan, 5,320 in Karimun, 1,796 people in Anambas, 2,225 people in Lingga, and 2,453 people in Natuna.

The death toll had reached 1,756, including 840 in Batam, 402 in Tanjungpinang, 180 in Bintan , 161 in Karimun, 46 in Anambas, 85 in Lingga , and 42 in Natuna .

Meanwhile, Indonesia added 444 confirmed COVID-19 cases on Sunday, with Jakarta recording the highest number of cases at 117, according to data from the COVID-19 Handling Task Force.

As per the data, West Java recorded the second highest number of positive cases at 99, followed by Central Java (37 cases), East Java (32 cases), and Yogyakarta (25 cases).

With the addition of 444 cases, the total positive COVID-19 cases in Indonesia reached 4,248,165.

The national task force also recorded a rise in the COVID-19 mortality rate, with the number of deaths nationwide rising by 11, bringing the total tally to 143,545 so far.

Source: Antara News

Rains to occur in some Indonesia’s cities: BMKG

The Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysical Agency (BMKG) has forecast rains in several cities of Indonesia on Sunday.

According to the weather forecast from the official BMKG’s website, heavy rains along with lightning might occur in Banda Aceh, Bengkulu, Gorontalo, Bandung, Banjarmasin, Pangkal Pinang, Mataram, Kupang, and Mamuju.

Meanwhile, Yogyakarta, Makassar, Palembang would potentially experience moderate intensity rains.

Light intensity rains were forecast to occur in Serang, Central Jakarta, Jambi, Semarang, Surabaya, Pontianak, Tanjung Pinang, Ambon, Ternate, Kendari, Manado, and Medan.

On the other hand, Denpasar, Tarakan, Bandar Lampung, Jayapura, Pekanbaru, and Padang would likely to have sunny and cloudy weather, while Palangkaraya and Manokwari were forecast to experience cloudy weather.

Source: Antara News

Equipment for disabled athletes must be produced locally: minister

Coordinating Minister for Human Development and Culture Muhadjir Effendy has said that sports equipment for athletes with disabilities should be produced domestically.

“The challenge for implementing the sporting event for disabled people is the shortness of the athletes’ equipment as it must be specific and customized,” he noted at the Lukas Enembe Stadium, here on Saturday.

Customizing equipment means each piece of equipment is modified as per the needs of each athlete and cannot be used by just anyone, he explained.

“In fact, it is only made for one person. Thus, it costs a lot. For instance, the price for one wheelchair can reach Rp50 million,” he said.

In addition, wheelchairs for different sports have different specifications, he pointed out.

“There are particular kinds of wheelchairs. The ones for running, badminton, or shot-put are different. We do not manufacture most of them, thus they are still imported,” the coordinating minister said.

Hence, according to him, the National Paralympic Week (Peparnas) should be a good opportunity to plan for the provision or production of special sports equipment.

If the equipment can be produced domestically, it will be much cheaper and help reduce costs, he added.

Thus, he said he hoped that domestic production can help improve the achievements of athletes since they would not need to depend on the supply of foreign products.

At least 1,985 athletes with disabilities from all provinces, except West Sulawesi, are participating in XVI Papua Peparnas, which is being hosted from November 6-13, 2021.

Twelve sports are being competed at the Peparnas: powerlifting, athletics, boccia, badminton, chess, judo, shooting, archery, swimming, cerebral palsy football, wheelchair tennis, and table tennis.

Source: Antara News

MSMEs urged to implement green business

Cooperatives and Small and Medium Enterprises Minister Teten Masduki has said that micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) must start to pay attention to the impact of climate change and implement green business practices.

“Let’s advance our MSMEs by running a productive, quality, and environmentally friendly business,” he said at the online ‘MSMEs Summit 2021’ webinar, according to a press statement received here on Saturday.

He emphasized that switching to green business practices can improve product quality, help MSMEs gain access to new markets, increase production, as well as obtain other opportunities, lower input costs, and launch new products or services.

At the webinar, the minister also announced plans for the medium- and long-term consolidation of MSMEs by transforming the sector in 2022. He expressed the hope that Indonesia would be able to make the COVID-19 pandemic into an endemic by then.

“In 2022, we will continue to carry out the agenda set out in Government Regulation Number 7 of 2021 concerning the Ease, Protection, and Empowerment of Cooperatives and MSMEs,” he said.

The regulation is a follow-up to Law Number No. 11 of 2020 concerning Job Creation.

Meanwhile, the agenda comprises the use of public infrastructure for MSMEs of 30 percent and spending on government goods or services procurement for MSMEs of 40 percent, he informed.

In addition, it also includes building strategic partnerships between MSMEs and state-owned enterprises and large businesses, as well as realizing modern cooperatives, he said.

Furthermore, Masduki gave the example of environmentally friendly businesses run by the Japanese Consumer Cooperation Union (JCCU) for producing COOP sustainable products.

JCCU is an advanced cooperative in Japan that uses environmentally friendly materials in the production process to protect marine and forest resources, he added.

Source: Antara News