Need law enforcement reformation to welcome Society 5.0: MK

Constitutional Court (MK) Justice Suhartoyo assessed that Indonesia should reform law enforcement in facing the challenges presented by Society 5.0.

“The difference with conventional law enforcement is, in the Society 5.0 era, law enforcement is supported by the internet of things (IoT),” he said in the national online seminar titled “Reflections on Indonesian Law Enforcement in the Era of Society 5.0″ monitored from here, Sunday.

In the last two years, which is in line with the COVID-19 pandemic, the paradigm of life that was influenced by the Industrial Revolution 4.0 has shifted to Society 5.0, he said.

The Society 5.0 paradigm combines the Industrial Revolution 4.0 with initiatives to push development based on humanist values, he said.

“The Society 5.0 is a paradigm that is developed to respond to global challenges, such as social and economic inequality, depleting natural resources, terrorism, pandemic, uncertainty, and complexity at almost all level of life,” Suhartoyo expounded.

For that reason, Society 5.0 will develop a human-centred society by balancing economic growth to eliminate inequality and solving social problems by using a system that integrates cyberspace and physical space.

Regarding law enforcement that is more human-oriented, he opined that law enforcement reformation should be conducted in several aspects, namely betterment in the use of fair law as the basis for good decision making by state apparatus and requiring judicial institutions to maintain the principles of independence, impartiality, and freedom in making decisions.

Aside from that, he noted that Society 5.0 also requires law enforcement reformation that is related to increasing the professionalism of law enforcement officers, law enforcement that is based on the principles of justice, law enforcement that prioritizes the promotion and protection of human rights, as well as increasing public participation and supervision mechanism to be more effective.

“On the other hand, the law can also hinder the development of innovation. Therefore, the preparation of future regulations must be helpful to the innovation itself,” the justice said.

Source: Antara News

Mask-wearing protocol can help prevent third wave: epidemiologist

In epidemiologist from Gadjah Mada University, Riris Andono Ahmad, has called on all elements of society at large in Indonesia to remain consistent with the mask-wearing protocol to prevent the third wave of COVID-19 infections.

“The transmission of COVID-19 in the country is currently under control. If it can be maintained and supported by the public consistency in wearing masks, the risk of the third wave (of COVID-19 infections) can be lowered,” Ahmad said here Sunday.

The epidemiologist said that the risk of a new wave always rises whenever people’s mobility increases.

“The seasonal mobility that may increase during the year-end holiday is one of the factors that can increase the risks for COVID-19 cases,” he said.

Therefore, it was necessary to mitigate the risks of increasing COVID-19 transmission with a consistent prevention strategy that includes the 3M protocols (mask-wearing, hand-washing, and social distancing), 3T (testing, tracing, treatment), and vaccination, he said.

He conveyed that the keys for the government to maintain the current condition of COVID-19 are improving public awareness of the risks of COVID-19, improving health protocol compliance, and increasing COVID-19 vaccinations in the country.

The government should also continue to remind citizens of the importance of staying healthy, and working together to halt COVID-19 transmission, he added.

The first case of COVID-19 was confirmed in Indonesia in March 2020. According to the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB), as of October 31, 2021, at least 4,244,358 people have tested positive for COVID-19 in the country, while 4,088,635 people have recovered, and 143,405 people have succumbed to the deadly coronavirus.

As one of the efforts to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic, the Indonesian Government launched a nationwide vaccination program on January 13, 2021.

According to the Health Ministry’s data, as of October 31, 2021, nearly 119,662,248 citizens have received their first COVID-19 vaccine dose, while 73,698,983 have fully been vaccinated.

Source: Antara News

Italian PM lauds Jokowi’s program on empowering MSMEs

Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi lauded Indonesian President Joko Widodo’s programs regarding MSMEs empowerment, increasing the role of women in business, and economic inclusiveness, Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs Airlangga Hartarto said.

“The Italian prime minister appreciates the programs presented by President Jokowi,” Minister Hartarto stated in an online press statement — on the Group of Twenty (G20) Summit in Rome — broadcasted on Presidential Secretariat’s YouTube channel and monitored from Jakarta on Sunday.

Amid the series of G20 meetings, a side event on MSMEs and women-owned businesses was conducted, and it presented President Jokowi as a speaker, along with Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and Queen Maxima of the Netherlands.

At the side event, Jokowi conveyed about the micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) empowerment programs that Indonesia had carried out, such as the provision of loans for people’s business (KUR), supermicro KUR loans, women-based finance lending development (Mekaar) program, and digitization program for MSMEs.

Moreover, Coordinating Minister Hartarto also said that Queen Maxima of the Netherlands during the event mentioned about the presence of online motorcycle taxi services as a good example of economic inclusive implementation.

During the G20 side event regarding MSMEs, President Jokowi said that Indonesia currently has more than 65 million MSMEs that contribute to 61 percent of the national economy. Jokowi emphasized that MSMEs are the main pillar of Indonesia’s national economy.

At the same time, 64 percent of Indonesian MSME actors are women. Therefore, for Indonesia, the program to empower MSMEs also means empowering women in business. MSMEs in the coutry have also shown quite high resilience in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.

In addition, Indonesian government has also distributed a fund worth US$1.1 billion for the Productive Micro Business Program and 63.5 percent of which was received by women entrepreneurs.

Source: Antara News

As La Nina returns, Indonesia braces for flooding, landslides

The Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) has cautioned of high precipitation that may trigger hydrometeorological disasters as a weak La Niña event is currently re-emerging over Indonesia for the second consecutive year.

La Nina has been developing since October 2021 and is expected to strengthen in November and December and become a moderate La Nina by the end of 2021 to February 2022, according to BMKG Head Dwikorita Karnawati.

In January 2021, a total of 372 natural disasters had hit Indonesia and left 216 persons dead and 12,056 others injured, partly owing to weak La Nina that had developed since late 2020 and raised monthly rainfall by up to 70 percent.

The natural disasters comprised 227 floods, 66 whirlwinds, 60 landslides, seven earthquakes, seven high tides or abrasions, and four forest fires, according to the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB).

La Niña refers to the large-scale cooling of the ocean surface temperatures in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, coupled with changes in the tropical atmospheric circulation, namely winds, pressure and rainfall. It usually has the opposite impacts on weather and climate as El Niño, which is the warm phase of the so-called El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO).

Climate change is increasing the severity and frequency of the nature phenomena and disasters.

La Nina, which means the Little Girl, usually triggers torrential downpours and widespread flooding across the country.

Indonesia, with monsoon and dry seasons, is prone to natural disasters, and usually some 75 percent of the disasters are hydrometeorological in nature, such as flooding, landslides, and strong winds.

Hence, BMKG cautioned of La Nina-induced hydrometeorological disasters in several parts of the country in few coming months.

“It needs to be addressed appropriately by the entire community, especially farmers, so that excessive rainfall does not cause losses to agriculture,” she said.

She emphasized the needs for improved early warning system and dissemination of weather forecasts to mitigate the disaster risks.

The agency also called for intensive coordination among relevant ministries and institutions, and improved disaster risk management in regions.

On Oct 29, 2021, BMKG hosted a virtual coordinating meeting on preparations for La Nina impacts, which was participated in by representatives of relevant ministries and institutions.

BNPB Head Ganip Warsito, who joined the meeting, urged hydro-meteorology disaster-prone regions to heighten vigilance and preparedness for the La Nina event.

He cited Central Java, West Java, East Java, and South Sulawesi as regions that had recorded the highest number of hydrometeorological disasters between 2016 and 2020.

Weather forecast and early warning issued by BMKG are crucial as references for on-field responses. Detailed information could result in accurate on-field decisions that could save lives, he noted.

Efforts to mitigate hydrometeorological disasters in the short term can be made by planting vegetation, cleaning waterways, repairing river embankment, and optimizing drainage strengthening.

For long-term mitigation, spatial planning must conducted accordingly and take into account the disaster aspects, Warsito added.

Earlier, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry had installed landslide early warning system in several regions to handle potential hydrometeorological disasters triggered by La Nina.

The system will provide early warnings for landslides in the upstream areas of rivers and map out the levels of runoff, according to Deputy Minister of Environment and Forestry Alue Dohong.

Meanwhile, the Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing (PUPR) and the Indonesian Hydraulic Engineers Association (HATHI) have also prepared several measures for tackling the impacts of La Nina.

“As per BMKG forecast, the rain pattern from late 2021 to early 2022 will be influenced by La Nina,” the ministry’s Secretary General Zainal Fattah said in his welcoming speech at the Annual Scientific Meeting (PIT) of HATHI at the Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology (ITS) Surabaya, East Java Province, on Oct 30, 2021.

Indonesia is one of the countries that possess considerable water resources. Those huge resources must be sustained with good management, he said, adding that “However, our water resources also hold the potential to cause damages. Natural disasters are showing an increasing trend.”

Data from the BNPB showed that Indonesia recorded 750 floods in 2019, over one thousand in 2020, and the number increases this year, according to him.

Hence, the ministry has taken several anticipatory steps, including activating the disaster mitigation task force to monitor all existing infrastructure in Indonesia and inspect the flood volume.

“We are also carrying out disaster alert SOPs (standard operating procedures) at 250 dams with a reservoir volume of 4.7 cu m,” he noted.

In the meantime, Coordinating Minister for Human Development and Culture Muhadjir Effendy urged the authorities to increase education and information dissemination regarding hydro-meteorological disasters among the public.

“Hydro-meteorological risk ought to not escalate to a fatal disaster. To cut this vicious circle, we must have a better and thorough understanding of hydro-meteorological disaster and its risks,” he said at the meeting on La Nina risk mitigation.

Indonesia should not wait till risk turns into disaster and instead, the authorities must reduce disaster risks by disseminating knowledge and encouraging preparedness among the public.

While improving residents’ preparedness, information dissemination would also help reduce potential material and life losses, thereby positively impacting public welfare and resilience against potential hydro-meteorological disaster risks, Effendy said.

Improved seasonal forecasts are pivotal in this because they help plan ahead and gain substantial socio-economic benefits in climate sensitive sectors like agriculture, food security, health and disaster risk reduction.

Source: Antara News

G20: President calls for acceleration of global economic recovery

President Joko Widodo called for the acceleration of a global economic recovery that is strong, inclusive, and sustainable at the economic and global health session of the G20 Summit in La Nuvola, Rome, Italy, on Saturday.

According to a statement released by the Presidential Secretariat’s Press Bureau, the President said that the G20 needs to serve as a catalyst for the normalization of economic policy since in the last two years, the world has carried out extraordinary policies in the fiscal, monetary, and finance sectors.

The G20 needs to also be a catalyst for debt liquidity and restructuring for poorer countries, as well as global connectivity for sectors that rely on human and goods mobility, including tourism and manufacturing, Widodo added.

He also touched upon cooperation in innovation, digital technology, and green technology, and investment for inclusive and sustainable development, as well as global cooperation for the advancement of developing countries at the meeting.

He further called for the strengthening of global health architecture.

To materialize this vision, he made three suggestions. First, countries must formulate a mechanism for pooling global health resources, including funding, vaccines, medicines, medical equipment, and medical workers, that can readily be deployed to countries in need, he said.

Secondly, the President called upon all leaders at the summit to establish a standard for health protocols with regard to activities between countries, including travel health protocols.

Last, he said he believed that the G20 needs to be a part of the solution for reducing gaps and scarcity in the availability of vaccines, medicines, and essential medical equipment.

Source: Antara News

Kadin urges govt to develop digitalization in maritime industries

Chairman of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin) Arsjad Rasjid opined that Indonesia needs to develop digitalization in maritime industries in a bid to revive the country’s economy amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

“We have been facing this pandemic for almost two years. For that reason, I see the need to develop digitalization in the maritime industries,” he said at the Virtual Maritime Expo Indonesia (VEMI) held by the Indonesian National Shipowners Association (INSA) that ANTARA joined from here on Sunday.

The ongoing urbanization in various regions in indonesia, especially in cities outside Java, had prompted an increase in the demands for logistics, Rasjid said.

The Kadin chairman opined that this urbanization growth requires additional logistics and infrastructure to connect islands and support the growing trend of e-commerce.

However, the slow logistics processes in Indonesia have caused high logistics costs, he added.

“Indonesia should improve the transition from land transportation to sea transportation processes in Java and Sumatra where shipping delays and the high costs mostly cause the lack of short sea shipping,” he remarked.

Rasjid affirmed that Kadin has prepared five strategies to support the shipping and maritime logistics industries in Indonesia.

The first strategy is forming a partnership between public and private players to create a digital multimodal logistics platform in a bid to create transparency in the system.

The second strategy is integrating data from all related stakeholders in public and private sectors to create a holistic view of all matters related to logistics while the third one is related to efforts to encourage the development of digital logistics technology, for instance, through mentoring programs and improvement of access to funding.

The fourth strategy is recommending necessary changes in regulations to facilitate information sharing between the public and private sectors, and the final one is developing information and telecommunication networks for sea transportation to support digitization.

“It is hoped that Kadin and INSA, through these five strategies, can jointly support efforts to achieve the vision of Indonesia Emas 2045 (Golden Indonesia 2045),” he said.

Source: Antara News

Minister Mulyani explains three challenges of global economic recovery

Indonesian Minister of Finance Sri Mulyani Indrawati said the global economic recovery from the tremendous impacts of COVID-19 pandemic is underway though it does not occur in all parts of the world partly due to unequal access to vaccines.

“There are countries (in Africa) whose vaccination rates of their total populations remain below three percent. On average, the vaccination rates of poor countries are only six percent of the populations while those of developed countries have reached above 70 percent or even close to 100 percent,” she said.

As disclosed in her statement at the Splendide Royal Hotel, Rome, Italy, on Saturday (30/10), after accompanying President Joko Widodo at the G20 Summit in La Nuvola, she said, in addition to the unequal access to vaccines, the world’s economic recovery is also threatened by inflation driven by soaring energy prices, and supply-chain disruption.

According to Minister of Finance Sri Mulyani, this is happening in all countries whose economic recoveries are very fast despite experiencing complications in the form of rising energy prices and supply-chain disruptions.

Furthermore, the Minister of Finance explained that the increase in energy occurred very quickly because investment in the energy sector, especially non-renewable energy, had fallen sharply in the face of soaring energy demand due to the economic recovery. The situation led to high inflation in various countries.

“This is a threat to global economic recovery. Indonesia also needs to remain vigilant,” Sri Mulyani said.

Owing to the fact that COVID-19 is a real threat to the world’s economy, she noted that finance ministers and health ministers of G20 countries agreed to build a mechanism called pandemic preparedness.

“Today, the world is not ready to face a pandemic. In fact (the pandemic) has cost up to 12 trillion US dollars, five million people died, and more than 250 million people were infected by this pandemic. So, the world must have better preparations,” Sri Mulyani said .

At the G20 Summit, there would be a joint finance health task force or working unit between the finance ministers and the health ministers under the G20 whose purpose was to prepare the prevention, preparedness, and response (PPR) of the pandemic.

The task force will be led by the Ministers of Finance of Indonesia and Italy.

“Indonesia will be the host or the presidency starting in December and Italy is now the presidency. Indonesia’s role is important because Indonesia is a big country and we also have a commitment to our vaccinations,” Sri Mulyani stated.

Source: Antara News

Regional governments urged to stay committed to bureaucratic reform

Head of the Research and Development Agency at the Ministry of Home Affairs Agus Fatoni has asked regional governments to keep staying committed to bureaucratic reform because it is essential to realize a clean and capable government, as well as to improve the quality of public services.

The bureaucratic reform is conducted by referring to eight areas of change, including the management of change, public service, supervision, accountability, institutions, as well as structuring the management sector, human resources (HR), and policy deregulation, he said.

In carrying out the bureaucratic reform in those eight areas, the regional governments need to implement policy breakthroughs in six innovation areas, Fatoni said in a statement that ANTARA received here Sunday.

Those six areas of innovation are essential and in line with the goals of bureaucratic reform so that changes could be realized more quickly, he said.

In detail, he expounded that innovation in the six areas includes administrative innovation, management innovation, policy innovation, frugal innovation, as well as innovation in the technology and social sectors.

For administrative innovation, the regional governments can adopt new ways of managing administration so that their performance accountability and decision making can be more effective and efficient.

He explained that innovation in the management area is an innovation that mainly focuses on fixing procedures and bureaucracy in a bid to improve organizational performance.

“The regional governments can make efforts to form policies that are more efficient, selective, applicable, and can be adopted by various parties to solve problems,” he said.

Aside from that, the regional governments are expected to generate product innovations at lower costs to respond to limited availability of resources. That step, he said, is called frugal innovation.

Meanwhile, for innovation in the technology sector, the regional administrations can adopt new production processes by doing a series of research and development, or in other words, technology transfer.

“Innovation in the social sector must also be included. This effort is aimed to improve socio-economic conditions and realize more inclusive development,” he remarked.

Source: Antara News