Professor of IPB: Develop Local Fish of Indonesia to Prevent Extinction

Professor of the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK), Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Prof. Dr. M. Fajar Raharjo said, thousands of Indonesian local fish will become extinct if not developed and cultivated as a consumed fish. He said that the wealth of fish species in Indonesia has 4,700 species consisting of 1,200 freshwater species and 3,500 marine fishes. This number will continue to grow along with the discovery of new species. However, many fish species are threatened to extinction.

“With great biodiversity and large body of water, Indonesia can become independent in the field of fisheries. To support the realization of the ideal, they key is the conservation of fish,” he said during a press conference before the scientific orations by Professors at Baranangsiang Campus of IPB, Bogor, on Thursday (25/8).

Prof Fajar explained, fish could be a bio-monitor of the environment to indicate the water is good or bad. He also said, at this time breeding still focus on the abundant fish. If only10 percent can be cultivated, then there will be some 100 species of freshwater fish for consumption.

“The internal fishing activity is currently causing environmental damage. There are still fishermen who catch fish with bombs, even with poisonous potassium cyanide,” he added.

So far, he further said, many of fish sold are imported foreign fish, such as golden fish originating from China. It must be ended because Indonesia has many types of fish. Fish with lovely color and shape and behavior are also many. Most of them are endemic and endangered species, such as the rainbow fish.

“We need to think to develop a new farming of fish specific to a local area. For example, Lais and tapah fish in Riau, Belido fish in South Sumatra, Ompok fish in East Kalimantan, keperas fish in Aceh and others,” he said.

According to him, if every province develops at least one local fish species typical of the province, we will have at least 34 species of cultivated fish. Fish choices for the communities become more diverse and could become a culinary tour as well. (Mtd)

Source: Bogor Agricultural University